Influence of Climate Change on Environment
Nowadays, the question of climate change on the environment is of vital importance. One of the most serious and essential challenges the humanity has to cope with is climate change. The issue is especially urgent in urban areas of developed and developing countries. Climate change is the cause of global warming which in its turn makes the long-term shift in weather patterns. It is related to change including high temperatures, precipitation, and cloud cover. Rapid growth of urban areas causes the fact that climate change makes a negative influence on the Earth. The paper will highlight the main three problems which are caused by climate change. It will also evaluate their possible solutions for developed and developing countries. It has been argued that climate change in urban areas makes an impact on developing and developed countries. In other words, the impact level of climate change differs in accordance with different levels of economic growth.
Climate change causes many negative effects in urban areas. First of all, one of the most harmful effects of climate change is its influence on the sea level and its potential consequences related to the coastal and river cities (Lekluanngarm, 2012, p. 33). Hence, the rise of sea level is closely related to the extreme climatic events. As a result, citizens from coastal cities lose land because seawater is introduced into aquifers and surface water. It may be one of the main reasons of people’s immigration to other cities. In addition, climate change may have a detrimental impact on natural disasters, even unpredictable ones. Natural disasters are considered to be the catastrophe events including floods, drought, storms and hurricanes which may be very extreme and frequent. These disasters are often the cause of life loss, property damage and even economic damage. The reduction of drinking water is one more effect of climate change. For example, water evaporates rapidly in the high temperature. Hence, it may pose a threat to water availability and negatively influence water quality (Hunt & Watkiss, 2011, p. 56). As a result, people face the issue of having less fresh and drinking water. These effects have led to the worsening of the life level of people around the world.
One of the solutions to the mentioned issues is mitigation which may be treated as a response to climate change which is closely associated with high emission levels of greenhouse gas (GHG). To avoid rapid increase of GHG emissions, everyone should take responsibility to keep our planet green. A good example of this is the greenest skyscraper of the world which was built in Guangzhou, China and named Pearl River Tower (UNDP, 2012, p. 81). This building is famous for its outstanding design exterior with an air gap that provides the feeling of great comfort in summer. The building has a rainwater collection system which is combined with solar panels offering warm water (UNDP, 2012, p. 81). Mitigation of the climatic effects of GHG emissions is considered to be of vital importance to citizens.
A second solution to the discussed issues is adaptation to climate change. Adaptation is an effective method of decreasing damages related to climate (UNDP, 2012 cited in Stephens et al., 1996, Satterthwaite et al., 2007, p. 69). There is an idea that in such developing countries as India, a number of communities who live near to their job places, markets and other public services in urban are easily damaged by storm-water. Consequently, such communities have to take different adaptation measures. For example, they use landfills to raise plinths and courtyards. In addition, citizens have emergency evacuation plans. In Shekha Nagar, the first significant response to emergency situations is to move the old people, children and animals to higher and safer ground. Then they should take some clothes to keep them warm (UNDP, 2012 cited in Stephens et al., 1996, Satterthwaite et al., 2007, p. 69). It is evident that in case of disaster, people become fragile.
Another solution is development of energy efficiency and renewable energy which are tides, sunlight, wind, waves and geothermal heat. Such types of energies come from continuously replenished resources. Energy efficiency is treated as the use of less energy quantity to provide the same service. For example, Japan is a global leader in energy efficiency; however, the Asia-Pacific area has a lot to improve (UNDP, 2012, p. 75). The governments of these countries have announced their target aim to increase their energy intensity by 35% till 2030. Moreover, the government of Singapore is for the use of solar energy. It also supports the development of such energy type as well as sustainable biodiesel (UNDP, 2012, p. 75). Most of the countries around the globe can do it.
In conclusion, climate change in the urban areas of many developed and developing countries brings about such main effects as the rise of sea level, the reduction of drinking water and more frequent disaster occurrence. However, people find different ways to find solutions to eliminate the negative influences on their life including adaptation of their life pattern to unexpected disasters, mitigating emissions of GHG, increasing energy efficiency through developing and using renewable sources of energy.